By Simon Caldwell
MANCHESTER, England (CNS) – Because of the U.S. Episcopal Church’s moves to unilaterally change canon law to allow same-sex marriage, Anglican leaders voted to suspend Episcopalians from positions representing the Anglican Communion and from participating in some Anglican bodies.
Primates meeting in Canterbury, England, said that for three years, members of the Episcopal Church will be barred from sitting on Anglican bodies making decisions on doctrine and policy and from representing the Communion on ecumenical and interfaith bodies.
The move comes in response to a policy allowing gay marriages, adopted last year by the General Convention, or governing body, of the Episcopal Church, the Anglican Church in the United States.
The change in canon law in the U.S. has been strongly opposed by many of the theologically conservative African churches, some of whose leaders had threatened to walk out of the five-day primate meeting if the Episcopal Church was not penalized for its actions.
The suspension was announced in a statement issued by the primates Jan. 14, a day earlier than planned because of leaks to the media.
It said the changes in teaching on marriage in the Episcopal Church represent a “fundamental departure from the faith and teaching held by the majority of our provinces on the doctrine of marriage,” which it defined as a lifelong union between a man and a woman.
‘Huge Strains’ on Unity
The change had caused “deep pain,” impaired the Anglican Communion by placing “huge strains” on its unity, and created “deeper mistrust between us,” the statement said.
The policy set a precedent that could be copied by other provinces, such as Canada, where Anglicans will vote on same-sex marriage in July, and this “could further exacerbate this situation,” the statement said.
It added that the primates had expressed a “unanimous commitment to walk together” and had asked Archbishop Justin Welby of Canterbury, spiritual leader of the worldwide Anglican Communion, to appoint a “task group” to work toward dialogue, trust and healing among the provinces.
The Jan. 11-15 meeting brought together 39 Anglican primates to reflect on the challenges posed to the unity of their communion.
At a news conference, Archbishop Welby repeatedly insisted that the measures taken against the Episcopal Church were not “sanctions,” but were consequences of “going off on your own.”
Episcopal Church Presiding Bishop Michael B. Curry addressed his fellow bishops before they voted for suspension, telling them that Episcopalians were committed to creating “an inclusive church.”
“This decision will bring real pain,” he said in comments he later released to the Episcopal News Service. “For fellow disciples of Jesus in our church who are gay or lesbian, this will bring more pain.
“For many who have felt and been rejected by the church because of who they are, for many who have felt and been rejected by families and communities, our church opening itself in love was a sign of hope,” he continued. “And this will add pain on top of pain.”
Archbishop Welby told reporters that persecution of people for their sexuality was a “source of deep sadness.” He said he wanted to apologize “for the hurt and pain, in the past and present, the church has caused.”
In a final statement from the meeting, the primates also condemned “homophobic prejudice and violence” as well as “criminal sanctions against same-sex attracted people” and said they were “resolved to work together to offer pastoral care and loving service irrespective of sexual orientation.”
The Global Anglican Future Conference, a coalition of conservative Anglican leaders from around the world, welcomed the suspension, adding that “this action must not be seen as an end, but as a beginning.” The suspension infuriated gay rights activists, however, with some traveling to Canterbury to demonstrate.
Paulist Father Ron Roberson, associate director of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops’ Secretariat for Ecumenical and Interreligious Affairs, said he doubted the suspension would have an impact on the 50-year-old dialogue between the Episcopal Church and the U.S. Bishops.
He said that while “the statement of the primates could be open to different interpretations,” in the bilateral dialogue, “the Episcopal Church never claimed to represent the other Anglican provinces.”